Tuesday, December 18, 2012

1212.3804 (Tomoyuki Obuchi et al.)

Monte Carlo simulations of the three-dimensional XY spin glass focusing
on the chiral and the spin order

Tomoyuki Obuchi, Hikaru Kawamura
The ordering of the three-dimensional isotropic XY spin glass with the nearest-neighbor random Gaussian coupling is studied by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. To investigate the ordering of the spin and the chirality, we compute several independent physical quantities including the glass order parameter, the Binder parameter, the correlation-length ratio, the overlap distribution and the non-self-averageness parameter, etc, for both the spin-glass (SG) and the chiral-glass (CG) degrees of freedom. Evidence of the spin-chirality decoupling, i.e., the CG and the SG order occurring at two separated temperatures, $T_{CG}>T_{SG}>0$, is obtained from the glass order parameter, which is fully corroborated by the Binder parameter. By contrast, the CG correlation-length ratio yields a rather pathological and inconsistent result in the range of sizes we studied, which may originate from the finite-size effect associated with a significant deviation of the spatial CG correlations from the standard Ornstein-Zernike form. Finite-size-scaling analysis yields the CG exponents $\nu_{CG}=1.4 \pm 0.1$ and $\eta_{CG}=0.29 \pm 0.12$, and the SG exponents $\nu_{SG}=1.23^{+0.17}_{-0.06}$ and $\eta_{SG}=-0.42^{+0.12}_{-0.27}$. The obtained exponents are close to those of the Heisenberg SG, but are largely different from those of the Ising SG. The chiral overlap distribution and the chiral Binder parameter exhibit the feature of a continuous one-step replica-symmetry breaking (1RSB), consistently with the previous reports. Such a 1RSB feature is again in common with that of the Heisenberg SG, but is different from the Ising one, which may be the cause of the difference in the CG critical properties from the Ising SG ones despite of a common $Z_2$ symmetry.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3804

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