Tuesday, March 12, 2013

1303.2165 (Vanessa Jane Bukas et al.)

Ready, set and no action: A static perspective on potential energy
surfaces commonly used in gas-surface dynamics

Vanessa Jane Bukas, Jörg Meyer, Maite Alducin, Karsten Reuter
In honoring the seminal contribution of Henry Eyring and Michael Polanyi who first introduced the concept of potential energy surfaces (PESs) to describe chemical reactions in gas-phase [Z. Phys. Chem. 12, 279-311, (1931)], this work comes to review and assess state-of-the-art approaches towards first-principle based modeling in the field of gas-surface dynamics. Within the Born-Oppenheimer and frozen surface approximations, the O2-Ag(100) interaction energetics are used as a showcase system to accentuate the complex landscape exhibited by the PESs employed to describe the impingement of diatomics on metal substrates and draw attention to the far-from-trivial task of continuously representing them within all six molecular degrees of freedom. To this end, the same set of ab initio reference data obtained within Density Functional Theory (DFT) are continuously represented by two different state-of-the-art high-dimensional approaches, namely the Corrugation-Reducing Procedure and Neural Networks. Exploiting the numerically undemanding nature of the resulting representations, a detailed static evaluation is performed on both PESs based on an extensive global minima search. The latter proved particularly illuminating in revealing representation deficiencies which affect the dynamical picture yet go otherwise unnoticed within the so-called "divide-and-conquer" approach.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.2165

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