Wednesday, March 20, 2013

1303.4386 (Anthony Hegg et al.)

Breakdown of self-averaging in the Bose glass    [PDF]

Anthony Hegg, Frank Krüger, Philip W. Phillips
We study the square-lattice Bose-Hubbard model with bounded random on-site energies at zero temperature. Starting from a dual representation obtained from a strong-coupling expansion around the atomic limit, we employ a real-space block decimation scheme. This approach is non-perturbative in the disorder and enables us to study the renormalization-group flow of the induced random-mass distribution. In both insulating phases, the Mott insulator and the Bose glass, the average mass diverges, signaling short range superfluid correlations. The relative variance of the mass distribution distinguishes the two phases, renormalizing to zero in the Mott insulator and diverging in the Bose glass. Negative mass values in the tail of the distribution indicate the presence of rare superfluid regions in the Bose glass. The breakdown of self-averaging is evidenced by the divergent relative variance, increasingly non-Gaussian distributions, and a correlation-length exponent $\nu=0.6 \pm 0.05$ that violates the Harris-criterion bound.
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