Tuesday, March 26, 2013

1303.5890 (A. M. Tichler et al.)

Transmission and reflection of strongly nonlinear solitary waves at
granular interfaces

A. M. Tichler, L. R. Gomez, N. Upadhyaya, X. Campman, V. F. Nesterenko, V. Vitelli
The interaction of a solitary wave front with an interface formed by two strongly-nonlinear non-cohesive granular lattices displays rich behaviour, characterized by the breakdown of continuum equations of motion in the vicinity of the interface. By treating the solitary wave as a quasiparticle with an effective mass, we construct an intuitive (energy and linear momentum conserving) discrete model to predict the amplitudes of the transmitted solitary waves generated when an incident solitary wave front, parallel to the interface, moves from a denser to a lighter granular hexagonal lattice. Our findings are corroborated with simulations. We then successfully extend this model to oblique interfaces, where we find that the angle of refraction and reflection of a solitary wave follows, below a critical value, an analogue of Snell's law in which the solitary wave speed replaces the speed of sound, which is zero in the sonic vacuum.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.5890

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