Thursday, April 18, 2013

1304.4368 (Yan V Fyodorov et al.)

Universal K-matrix distribution in beta=2 Ensembles of Random Matrices    [PDF]

Yan V Fyodorov, Boris A Khoruzhenko, Andre Nock
The K-matrix, also known as the "Wigner reaction matrix" in nuclear scattering or "impedance matrix" in the electromagnetic wave scattering, is given essentially by an M x M diagonal block of the resolvent (E-H)^{-1} of a Hamiltonian H. For chaotic quantum systems the Hamiltonian H can be modelled by random Hermitian N x N matrices taken from invariant ensembles with the Dyson symmetry index beta=1,2,4. For beta=2 we prove by explicit calculation a universality conjecture by P. Brouwer which is equivalent to the claim that the probability distribution of K, for a broad class of invariant ensembles of random Hermitian matrices H, converges to a matrix Cauchy distribution with density ${\cal P}(K)\propto \left[\det{({\lambda}^2+(K-{\epsilon})^2)}\right]^{-M}$ in the limit $N\to \infty$, provided the parameter M is fixed and the spectral parameter E is taken within the support of the eigenvalue distribution of H. In particular, we show that for a broad class of unitary invariant ensembles of random matrices finite diagonal blocks of the resolvent are Cauchy distributed. The cases beta=1 and beta=4 remain outstanding.
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