Monday, April 29, 2013

1304.7219 (Alexander Dobrinevski et al.)

Statistics of Avalanches with Relaxation, and Barkhausen Noise: A
Solvable Model

Alexander Dobrinevski, Pierre Le Doussal, Kay Jörg Wiese
We study a generalization of the Alessandro-Beatrice-Bertotti-Montorsi (ABBM) model of a particle in a Brownian force landscape, including retardation effects. We show that under monotonous driving the particle moves forward at all times, as it does in absence of retardation (Middleton's theorem). This remarkable property allows us to develop an analytical treatment. The model with an exponentially decaying memory kernel is realized in Barkhausen experiments with eddy-current relaxation, and has previously been shown numerically to account for the experimentally observed asymmetry of Barkhausen-pulse shapes. We elucidate another qualitatively new feature: the breakup of each avalanche of the standard ABBM model into a cluster of sub-avalanches, sharply delimited for slow relaxation under quasi-static driving. These conditions are typical for earthquake dynamics. With relaxation and aftershock clustering, the present model includes important ingredients for an effective description of earthquakes. We analyze quantitatively the limits of slow and fast relaxation for stationary driving with velocity v>0. The v-dependent power-law exponent for small velocities, and the critical driving velocity at which the particle velocity never vanishes, are modified. We also analyze non-stationary avalanches following a step in the driving magnetic field. Analytically, we obtain the mean avalanche shape at fixed size, the duration distribution of the first sub-avalanche, and the time dependence of the mean velocity. We propose to study these observables in experiments, allowing to directly measure the shape of the memory kernel, and to trace eddy current relaxation in Barkhausen noise.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment