Friday, May 3, 2013

1305.0408 (Pablo R. Zangara et al.)

Interaction-disorder competition in a spin system evaluated through the
Loschmidt Echo

Pablo R. Zangara, Axel D. Dente, Aníbal Iucci, Patricia R. Levstein, Horacio M. Pastawski
The interplay between interactions and disorder in closed quantum many-body systems is relevant for thermalization phenomenon. In this article, we address this competition in an infinite temperature spin system, by means of the Loschmidt Echo (LE), which is based on a time reversal procedure. This quantity has been formerly employed to connect quantum and classical chaos, and in the present many-body scenario we use it as a dynamical witness. We assess the LE time scales as function of disorder and interaction strenghs. The strategy enables a qualitative phase diagram that shows the regions of ergodic and non-ergodic behavior of the polarization under the echo dynamics.
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