Wednesday, July 31, 2013

1307.7742 (E. Katzav et al.)

Stability and roughness of tensile cracks in disordered materials    [PDF]

E. Katzav, M. Adda-Bedia
We study the stability and roughness of propagating cracks in heterogeneous brittle two-dimensional elastic materials. We begin by deriving an equation of motion describing the dynamics of such a crack in the framework of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics, based on the Griffith criterion and the Principle of Local Symmetry. This result allows us to extend the stability analysis of Cotterell and Rice to disordered materials. In the stable regime we find stochastic crack paths. Using tools of statistical physics we obtain the power spectrum of these paths and their probability distribution function, and conclude they do not exhibit self-affinity. We show that a real-space fractal analysis of these paths can lead to the wrong conclusion that the paths are self-affine. To complete the picture, we unravel the systematic bias in such real-space methods, and thus contribute to the general discussion of reliability of self-affine measurements.
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